Archive for the ‘Bible’ Category

The modern era of comfort, sanitation, technological innovation, and medicine has spoiled Christians in the western world. We have come to identify wealth, power, and health as a sign that we must be true disciples of Christ. Most have bought into this lie. We live in a culture that positions wealthy television evangelists as true workers of God’s will. We want it our way right away. Even our drive through fast food restaurants have timers so you will know how long you’ve waited in line. Even with the slightest bit of inconvenience, we are upset. The church has absorbed these ideas.

The Bible makes claims that are entirely in opposition to these ideas. Jesus stated that He was sending His disciples out as sheep among wolves and they would be hated because of Him. Paul says that it was his desire to identify with and know the sufferings of the Messiah. He states numerous times that his credibility is bound up in the amount of suffering and perseverance he has endured for the faith. The church fathers rejoiced that they may lay down their lives for the One who saved them. Persecuted churches around the world still have these ideas as part of their culture.

This lie that we have bought has created its own theological underpinnings that shape our worldview, including God Himself. We have begun to believe that we don’t deserve to suffer, to hurt, or to struggle. All of this is part of what we call life. Any theology that must be confined to specific geographical areas should be questioned. Christianity is universal and has flourished in all geographical settings, levels of persecution, and governments. Instead of promising an absence of suffering, we have been promised the grace and strength needed to endure it. Even in the opening chapters of Revelation, Jesus is envisioned in the midst of the candlesticks (read: churches) who are enduring persecution. He is not far off, but there with them. He understands our suffering even to the point that He chose to endure it Himself. It is this felix pecca (happy sin) that saves us.


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Sometimes I feel like Peter when he states in 1 Peter 3:16a, “16 He speaks about these things in all his letters, in which there are some matters that are hard to understand (HCSB).” Paul speaks of head coverings in 1 Corinthians 11. He speaks regarding how men and women were to cover or uncover their heads when they would pray during the worship service. Although for the most part this particular passage is likely in reference to the Roman customs regarding sexuality in that society, there is one verse that is somewhat puzzling.

Paul says in 1 Corinthians 11:10 “10 This is why a woman should have a symbol ofauthority on her head: because of the angels (HCSB).” The problematic phrase is “because of the angels” or “on account of the angels” (διὰ τοὺς ἀγγέλους). This seems to be a rather obscure mention of angels in regard to what women would do during worship.

There have been several wild interpretations of this verse over the years. Tertullian (c. 160-220) stated that Paul was talking about the “evil” angels. He meant those of the Genesis 6:1-2 account. The “sons of God” that came down to the “daughters of men.” Another interpretation is that angels observe worship and are interested in the order of it. In other words, the woman’s cover would show them that she has authority to pray in a worship service.

One more is that the word “ἀγγέλος” should be rendered as messenger rather than angel. Angel meaning divine messenger and messenger meaning a human one. That Greek word can be translated either way, depending upon context. In this view, the woman is protecting those Christian leaders/messengers that are present from being tempted by her beauty. This seems rather odd and unlikely.

Possibly, Paul is drawing upon some Jewish tradition that we are unaware of or otherwise do not have access to. It is also possible that because of previous conversations that Paul had with the Corinthians, this was just one more of the questions that they had for him and they knew exactly what he was talking about.

What seems interesting is that regardless of which of these positions one takes, the theological meaning is the same. All of them fit within the framework of what Paul is saying in this passage. The issue at stake is sexuality and not acting outside of guarded parameters. One should not attend worship with the hopes of propositioning one of the opposite sex. Regardless of what Paul meant here, it seems clear that he was advocating for men to be men and for women to be women. Each had their place and worship was not a time to draw attention to oneself, but to worship God.

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We honor all those who have given their life in service to their country and for their fellow man. Many have given their lives for such a cause, and for that we are grateful. Because of that sacrifice we are able to meet any where we choose, declaring the name above all names, Jesus Christ. We can practice freely our religious convictions and we are guaranteed that right by the constitution of this land.

And because of those who have served before us and fallen, we have erected monuments and memorials in their honor. I believe these things are important and significant in our lives. As we look through God’s word, I believe we will see the significance of these things. Memorials help us to determine our course. Speaking of courses, there are a couple of things that you need in order to determine which direction you are traveling in: you need to know where you have been and you need to know where you are right now.

Once you have that knowledge, you can draw a line connecting those two points and figure out where you are headed. If it’s the wrong way, then it’s time to change directions. If it points to the goal, then continue with all diligence. So, for this reason, I believe that history is very important. Those who don’t know it are bound to repeat it. There is no reason to do something again that you already know the outcome to. We ought to avoid the problems and recognize the good things that have happened.

In light of all this, we are going to be looking at the time when the Israelites crossed over the Jordan and went into the promise land that God was giving them. It is a time when they dedicated a memorial for what God did in their life. Last week we talked about Moses and why he no longer had the privilege of entering the promise land. In the last chapter of Deuteronomy, there is a description of what happened to Moses.

It says in Deuteronomy 34 starting in verse 1, that God let Moses go up to the top of Mount Nebo and see the land that He was giving to his ancestors. Then Moses died there, in the land of Moab. Since Moses had already consecrated Joshua to be his replacement, Joshua then assumed his role as the leader of God’s people. He led them across the Jordan River, on their way to Jericho and that is where we pick up the narrative.

After reading Joshua 4:1-24, we can see that Joshua is instructing his people to set up these standing stones to commemorate what God did for them. It marked some important milestones in the history of God’s people. The first thing that we ought to see from this passage is that spiritual markers can be important in our lives.

It will make a difference in your spiritual life, if there are markers that you can live by. It marks off the trail that you have taken and can cause you to reflect on why you are where you are right now. God is the one who told Joshua to do this in verses 1-3 in this passage of scripture. God wanted them to remember what happened that day. He wanted them to be able to reflect back to a time when God did a miraculous thing in the sight of His people.

The point of this is that we ought to be setting up spiritual markers in our lives. If you just give it passing notice, you will forget about it or it will fade away in your mind to a place that you will not recall it. We see here in this passage that God told Joshua to erect standing stones in memory of what happened. In verse 6, Joshua told the Israelites that it would be a sign among them.

On Memorial Day, in the United States we celebrate a sign as well. The same principle is in place there as was in place when Joshua set up the stones. You can go to New Orleans and view the WWII Memorial or to Washington D.C. and see the countless memorials that are standing in that city. They all serve the same purpose: to remind us of what happened, lest we forget.

Joshua was paying attention to God. I wonder how many of us are living that way today. How many can say that they are paying attention to what God might be telling them to do? You won’t know where to put those markers in your life if you don’t allow God to speak to you. We can’t allow ourselves to become so busy that we forget to include God in our lives. He ought to be the first priority and let everything else flow from that.

People will complain over and over again about how our society has degraded. Oh…it’s so horrible out there. Look at what it has become. They will complain about that, yet most of them who complain can’t remember the last time they talked to someone about God. They aren’t actively trying to tell others about another way to live. Folks, the problem with our culture isn’t out there, the problem is sitting in our pews because when we get up and walk outside we are done talking about faith.

The problems with our culture are there because the church has failed to do it’s job. We have become lazy and complacent. We think that everyone in the United States has had an opportunity to hear about the Gospel. That simply isn’t true. If you don’t take part in shaping the world, they will continue to shape the world that you will be forced to live in. The world your children and your grandchildren will live in.

No body is going to do it for you. We need spiritual markers in our lives. Figure out a way to leave them. It works for secular things in the world today. We have all sorts of holidays to commemorate events in this country. Make some spiritual holidays in your home that you can tell others about. Allow them to share in what God has done and is doing in your life. Make yourself available to God to tell others.

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Moses was unable to enter the promise land. Some have thought it strange for this to happen in light of previous commands that God have him. In trying to understand this issue, we need to look at two passages of scripture very carefully. Those two passages are Exodus 17:1-7 and Numbers 20:1-13.

You will have to pay close attention to what God tells Moses to do in both of these passages of scripture. It will mean the difference between Moses entering or just seeing the promise land. We will start in the Exodus passage first. The plagues and the Passover have occurred in Egypt and the Hebrews have left that place under the leadership of Moses.

They have crossed the Red Sea on dry ground in chapter 14 of Exodus. God provided water for them to drink in Marah by turning bitter water drinkable in chapter 15. They continue on their journey and God provides Manna and Quail for them to eat in chapter 16. They had not yet had the Ten Commandments, which were given in chapter 20 or any of the rest of the law of Israel.

The Exodus passage shows that Moses was faithful. He asked the Israelites why they were testing the Lord. He knew that God would take care of them. These people had no idea how to survive in the desert. They were slaves in Egypt and all of their food and water was taken care of for them. Their food was grown in agricultural areas and the water was taken from the Nile River or some other permanent source of water.

One of the things that they would not have known was where to get water. In the Sinai area of the Middle East there is an interesting thing that happens in the rocks. Many of the rocks have cracks in them and some of those cracks run from the top of mountains to the bottom of valleys. When it rains on the tops of the mountains, the water runs down these cracks and then spills out at the bottom.

It does that until it begins to get blocked by calcium deposits. If you have ever seen hard water stains, you will understand what I am talking about. Now, where the water runs out the calcium gets deposited and it continues this process until the crack is sealed most of the way up the mountain. That means that there are huge amounts of water rapped in these rocks. If you were to go and break the deposit from the bottom of the rock, water would pour out for quite a long time.

So you can see that God showed them a way to get water from the rock. Then we move on to Numbers chapter 20. It is coming near the end of the forty years of wandering and slowly the generation before is dying off. Moses and Aaron are still leading the people at this point and God is about to bring them into the promise land.

What a totally different outcome from an event that is so similar. The difference though is the fact that these events are separated by about forty years, the Ten Commandments, and all sorts of ceremonial and moral laws that God has revealed to them. Throughout this process, Israel should have grown spiritually. What we see here, though, is something different.

Moses didn’t really listen to what God was telling him and it cost him dearly. He relied on what he knew worked in the past rather than what God wanted him to do right now. What a huge mistake he made. The cost was great. Look at what God told him to do in verse 8 which says “8 “Take the staff and assemble the community. You and your brother Aaron are to speak to the rock while they watch, and it will yield its water. You will bring out water for them from the rock and provide drink for the community and their livestock (HCSB).”

In the exodus passage, God told Moses to hit the rock. Moses hit it and it produced water. In this passage God said to speak to the rock and it will yield it’s water. Moses hit it. Was he really paying attention? I’m sure he said in his mind, “Oh yea, I remember that. I know how to find water.” The whole time probably ignoring exactly what God was saying.

If you go back and read through the Old Testament narratives, you will find that God brought people on a journey with the purpose of getting them to trust him completely. Remember Gideon, who didn’t even bring a weapon to fight the Midianites. What did Moses do though? He relied on his instincts. He knew that hitting the rock would produce water. What God wanted was for Moses to show the people another miraculous event. He wanted them to see that He could do it without someone physically doing anything.

The problem is that Moses went ahead of God. He was the one who caused the water to flow instead of God. That is not what God wanted. Because of that in verse 28 of this chapter Aaron died and Moses died before being able to set foot in the promise land. His purpose was to lead Israel into that land, yet he himself would not get to go into it. God was not happy about what they had done.

They showed trust in what man could do rather than what God could do through them. Look at verse 12 which says “12 But the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not trust Me to show My holiness in the sight of the Israelites, you will not bring this assembly into the land I have given them (HCSB).” He no longer had the privilege of taking them to the promise land. That must have been devastating after waiting forty years, to have it messed up by a lack of faith in God’s providence.

My question today is: how many of you are wandering around in the wilderness? Ask yourself that question. Are you relying on God’s strength or your own? He is not going to manifest himself when you think that it is all due to your own power. He won’t do it until you completely rely on Him. You have to submit to Him that you are the weaker one and you need Him to be your strength.  Are you hitting rocks in your life hoping for water? Is it the water that God wants you to drink? 

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